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Fire safety knowledge and self-protection skills

Release time:2014-03-12 viewed:0

Fire alarm knowledge

1, the alarm call "119" and clarifying the ignition unit name, District, street number.

2, to say what is on fire and fire size, fire vehicles to the fire department calls the corresponding.

3, clear the alarm name and phone number.

4, attention should be paid to hear the fire brigade inquiries, the simple right to be answered, pending clarification can hang up the phone, can hang up the phone.

5, after the alarm to the intersection waiting for fire trucks, fire engines to fire path indicator.

Fire extinguisher use method

1, the use of portable dry powder fire extinguishers should be portable fire extinguishers, handle, rushed to the fire department.

2, at a distance of 5 meters at the fire, put down the fire extinguisher. In outdoor use, should prevail direction.

3, before use, first the fire extinguisher upside down for several times, so that the cylinder is in loose powder.

4, such as the use of the built-in or stored pressure type dry powder fire extinguisher, should first plucked insurance pin, one hand holding the nozzle, on the other hand press press, dry powder is sprayed from the nozzle.

5, such as the use of external type dry powder fire extinguisher, one hand holding the nozzle, on the other hand, the lifting ring, hold the handle, the powder will be ejected from the nozzle.

6, use dry chemical fire extinguisher dispersed liquid fire fighting, fire side should aim at the bottom of the fire jet, and from near and far, about the fire, fast forward, until the flames are put out.

7, with dry powder fire extinguishers container flammable liquid fires, also should aim at the bottom of the fire flame side, left and right. When the flame was driven out of the vessel, shall promptly forward, put out the remaining fire. When the fire should be careful not to put the nozzle directly aligned liquid jet impact force, to prevent dry air to oil splash, cause the spread of fire, causing fire fighting difficult.

8, use dry chemical fire extinguisher fighting fire solids, should make the fire extinguisher nozzle most violent on burning fire, left and right, and should try to make the dry powder fire extinguishing agent is uniformly sprayed on the surface of burning material, until the fire is put out completely.

9, the use of dry powder fire extinguishers should be kept upright during fire extinguishing, shall not lie or reverse the use, not be sprayed; also pay attention to prevent the dry powder fire extinguishers back, due to poor cooling effect of dry powder fire extinguishers, hot articles exist at the ignition point condition, after the fire burning easily occurs.

Fire escape condition and method

In general, the escape conditions can be divided into three kinds: one is to escape, the two is the interior to be rescued, three is in cannot expect rescued.

Evacuation time

1, do not take the elevator, because fire often power interruption, will be trapped in the elevator.

2, the evacuation direction indicators, into the safety ladder.

3, with towel or handkerchief mouth. Wet towel or handkerchief, cover your mouth and nose, can avoid smoke invasion.

4, the smoke to take low posture crawling. The fire generated smoke will pervade all space, as the hot air rising, a lot of smoke floating in the upper, in the fire from the ground 30 cm below where it should have the presence of air near the ground, the air more fresh, so take refuge in the smoke should be taken low posture crawling, the head is more close to the ground better, but still should pay attention to the crawling speed.

5, the smoke wearing a transparent plastic bag escape. In the smoke evacuation, such as improper protection of human body, easy to inhale the smoke cause syncope or suffocation, and eyes because of smoke stimulation, tingling and have not opened. Therefore, such as simple equipment can make people to provide sufficient escape in the smoke of the fresh air, and isolate the smoke on the invasion of the best eyes.

6, along the wall to escape. During the fire, especially in the smoke to escape, stretch his hand not to see the five fingers, the escape will often get lost or missing escape door, therefore in the escape, if can enter along the wall can be, not through the head of the phenomenon.

Indoor to save

1, in the interior to be saved, to inform the outside people know you to save location.

2, to easily rescued wait.

3, to avoid the smoke inhalation. Fire smoke is a killer, a lot of smoke inhalation can cause death in human body, the trace of smoke inhalation may lead to fainting, influence of escape. So you must remember, the process of escape, try to avoid smoke inhalation.

Cannot expect rescued

When cannot expect rescued, never give up to survive will, at this time should be calm, using the scene objects or terrain, managed to escape.

 

In the previous: Portable dry powder fire extinguisher fighting

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